Which are the differences among percentages of iberian breed in hams?
Iberian breed porc is a kind of pig which is native from the Iberian Peninsula, in both Spain and Portugal. This is the kind of pig from which iberico hams came from. In order to regulate the products coming from iberian pigs, there is the Iberico ham quality standard (Normativa de calidad del jamón ibérico) which regulates either feed of the pigs and percentage of iberian breed they should have.
According to this law, at the time to shell hams both percentage of iberian breed and feed should be included in the information to the consumer. Under this law, we may find three percentages for ibérico hams: 100% ibérico, 75% ibérico and 50% ibérico. This percentages of the resulting pigs and hams mill vary according to the breed of male and female pigs from which they are coming from. All the percentages may be feed either with acorns, natural authorised feeds and pastures.
Differences of 100% ibérico bellota hams and other ibérico hams percentages
100% iberico: those hams are coming from both male and female pigs of 100% iberian breed. Its label may be of 3 different colors according to its feeding: black label (100% ibérico bellota “pata negra”), green label (100% ibérico cebo de campo) and white label (100% ibérico de cebo).
75% ibérico: those hams are the less common among iberian breed hams. Those hams are coming from pigs which female is 100% iberian breed and which male has been the result of a female pig 100% iberian breed and a male pig 50% iberian breed. Its label may be of 3 different colors: red label (ibérico bellota), green label (Ibérico de cebo de campo), and white label (ibérico de cebo).
50% iberico: Those hams are coming from pigs which female is 100% iberian breed and which male pig is of duroc-jersey breed. Label colors are the same for 75% iberico hams, only changing the breed percentage in the information for the consumer.